Build and Run rippled on Ubuntu

rippled is the core peer-to-peer server that manages the XRP Ledger. A rippled server can connect to a network of peers, relay cryptographically signed transactions, and maintain a local copy of the complete shared global ledger.

For an overview of rippled, see Operating rippled Servers.

Use these instructions to build a rippled executable from source version 0.90.0 or higher on Ubuntu Linux 16.04 or higher. These instructions were tested on Ubuntu 16.04 LTS.

For information about building rippled for other platforms, see Builds in the rippled GitHub repository.

System Requirements

To build rippled:

You need a minimum of 8GB of RAM.

To run rippled:

Meet these system requirements.

1. Build rippled

These instructions use Ubuntu's APT (Advanced Packaging Tool) to install the software prerequisites you need to build and run rippled.

  1. Update the list of packages that are available for apt-get to install or upgrade.

    sudo apt-get update
  2. Upgrade currently installed packages.

    sudo apt-get -y upgrade
  3. Install Git.

    sudo apt-get -y install git
  4. Install SCons.

    sudo apt-get -y install scons
  5. Install pkg-config.

    sudo apt-get -y install pkg-config
  6. Install Protocol Buffers.

    sudo apt-get -y install protobuf-compiler
    sudo apt-get -y install libprotobuf-dev
  7. Install Secure Socket Layer (SSL) toolkit development files.

    sudo apt-get -y install libssl-dev
  8. Install wget to be able to download Boost in the next step.

    sudo apt-get -y install wget
  9. Compile Boost.

    Starting in rippled 0.90, the compatible Boost version is 1.66.0. Because Boost version 1.66.0 isn't available in the Ubuntu 16.04 repos, you must compile it yourself.

    a. Download Boost 1.66.0.


    b. Untar boost_1_66_0.tar.gz.

      tar xvzf boost_1_66_0.tar.gz

    c. Access the new boost_1_66_0 directory:

      cd boost_1_66_0

    d. To prepare the Boost.Build system for use, run:


    e. To invoke Boost.Build to build the separately-compiled Boost libraries, run the following command. Replace <number of jobs> with the number of job, or commands, to run in parallel. This may take about 15 minutes, depending on your hardware specs.

      ./b2 -j <number of jobs>

    f. Set the environment variable BOOST_ROOT to point to the new boost_1_66_0 directory. It's best to put this environment variable in your .profile, or equivalent, file for your shell so it's automatically set when you log in. Add the following line to the file:

      export BOOST_ROOT=/home/ubuntu/boost_1_66_0

    g. Source your updated .profile file. For example:

      source ~/.profile
  10. Get rippled source code.

    git clone
    cd rippled
    git checkout master
  11. If you previously built, or (more importantly) tried and failed to build rippled, you should delete the build/ directory to start clean before moving on to the next step. Otherwise, you may get unexpected behavior, like a rippled executable that crashes due to a segmentation fault (segfault).

    If this is your first time building rippled, you won't have a build/ directory and can move on to the next step.

  12. Build a rippled binary executable from source code. This may take about 20 minutes, depending on your hardware specs.


    SCons saves the built executable in rippled/build.

  13. (Optional) Run rippled unit tests. If there are no test failures, you can be fairly certain that your rippled executable compiled correctly.

    ./rippled -u

2. Configure rippled

Complete the following configurations that are required for rippled to start up successfully. All other configuration is optional and can be tweaked after you have a working server.

  1. Create a copy of the example config file (assumes you're in the rippled folder already). Saving the config file to this location enables you to run rippled as a non-root user (recommended).

    mkdir -p ~/.config/ripple
    cp doc/rippled-example.cfg ~/.config/ripple/rippled.cfg
  2. Edit the config file to set necessary file paths. The user you plan to run rippled as must have write permissions to all of the paths you specify here.

    1. Set the [node_db]'s path to the location where you want to store the ledger database.

    2. Set the [database_path] to the location where you want to store other database data. (This includes an SQLite database with configuration data, and is typically one level above the [node_db] path field.)

    3. Set the [debug_logfile] to a path where rippled can write logging information.

  3. Copy the example validators.txt file to the same folder as rippled.cfg:

    cp doc/validators-example.txt ~/.config/ripple/validators.txt

    Warning: Ripple has designed a decentralization plan with maximum safety in mind. During the transition, you should not modify the validators.txt file except as recommended by Ripple. Even minor modifications to your validator settings could cause your server to diverge from the rest of the network and report out of date, incomplete, or inaccurate data. Acting on such data can cause you to lose money.

3. Run rippled

To run your stock rippled server from the executable you built, using the configurations you defined:

cd build

What to Expect

Once you've run rippled, here are excerpts of what you can expect to see in your terminal.

Loading: "/home/ubuntu/.config/ripple/rippled.cfg"
Watchdog: Launching child 1
2018-Jan-31 20:19:40 JobQueue:NFO Auto-tuning to 4 validation/transaction/proposal threads.
2018-Jan-31 20:19:40 Amendments:DBG Amendment 4C97EBA926031A7CF7D7B36FDE3ED66DDA5421192D63DE53FFB46E43B9DC8373 is supported.
2018-Jan-31 20:19:40 Amendments:DBG Amendment 6781F8368C4771B83E8B821D88F580202BCB4228075297B19E4FDC5233F1EFDC is supported.
2018-Jan-31 20:19:40 OrderBookDB:DBG Advancing from 0 to 3
2018-Jan-31 20:19:40 OrderBookDB:DBG OrderBookDB::update>
2018-Jan-31 20:19:40 OrderBookDB:DBG OrderBookDB::update< 0 books found
2018-Jan-31 20:19:40 ValidatorList:DBG Loading configured trusted validator list publisher keys
2018-Jan-31 20:19:40 ValidatorList:DBG Loaded 1 keys
2018-Jan-31 20:19:40 ValidatorList:DBG Loading configured validator keys
2018-Jan-31 20:19:40 LedgerConsensus:NFO Entering consensus process, watching, synced=no
2018-Jan-31 20:19:40 LedgerConsensus:NFO Consensus mode change before=observing, after=observing
2018-Jan-31 20:19:40 Application:FTL Startup RPC:
    "command" : "log_level",
    "severity" : "warning"
2018-Jan-31 20:20:32 NetworkOPs:WRN We are not running on the consensus ledger
2018-Jan-31 20:20:32 LedgerConsensus:WRN Need consensus ledger 17F251A5AD7120BD0D3ED9EB1B45598AACA1D76EA67C7FFC3384E629C25E198B
2018-Jan-31 20:20:35 NetworkOPs:WRN We are not running on the consensus ledger
2018-Jan-31 20:20:35 LedgerConsensus:WRN Need consensus ledger 0EAEFBC6C63DE7CEA32415336C7524D50E2531781704CE86895EAF84A63477D7
2018-Jan-31 20:20:53 LedgerConsensus:WRN View of consensus changed during establish status=establish,  mode=wrongLedger
2018-Jan-31 20:20:53 LedgerConsensus:WRN E5C6EF6AB5C1DB0EA5EF1C43C2EDC1179459FBAC5ABDF6523F488DEE276FA9E6 to 7F0E5EE15F8FC41776BA230094C364DE045C35A15073C9E057407506A9E53892
2018-Jan-31 20:20:53 LedgerConsensus:WRN {"accepted":true,"account_hash":"8EE80E7E8ADCE2AB550611752BC4EC748D9DFEBB4B4B98F05BD5F6147CF61ED5","close_flags":0,"close_time":570745240,"close_time_human":"2018-Jan-31 20:20:40","close_time_resolution":20,"closed":true,"hash":"9FA1BAF2A4F6A908B10303E6624E175CCD53D1E87E6B44D09FC28E8FCC63D3C3","ledger_hash":"9FA1BAF2A4F6A908B10303E6624E175CCD53D1E87E6B44D09FC28E8FCC63D3C3","ledger_index":"8","parent_close_time":570745234,"parent_hash":"9AF26062D241A16EDD8436EB1A9B533281D43949A7DA2E4F35A50110537BD596","seqNum":"8","totalCoins":"100000000000000000","total_coins":"100000000000000000","transaction_hash":"0000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000"}

Explore Next Steps

  • Now that you have a stock rippled server running, you may want to consider running it as a validating server. For information about validating servers and why you might want to run one, see the rippled Setup Tutorial.

  • For information about communicating with your rippled server using the rippled API, see the rippled API reference.

  • As a development best practice, you may want to build a rippled .deb file. For more information, see Ubuntu Packaging Guide: Packaging New Software.

  • You may also want to install a systemd unit. For more information, see systemd for Upstart Users. You can use the official rippled system unit file or modify it to suit your needs.